The Universalist 1 — Bob Hawke

The Universal Basic Income (UBI) is ‘The Reform of the Century’ because it exclusively fundamentally assists in solving all our socio-econo-environment challenges – including, counterintuitively, making our society, at least, twice as prosperous.


This marks the launch of The Universalist, which will build, step-by-step, the case for the Universal Basic Income…

Question: Was Bob Hawke a leftist, rightist or centrist?

Answer: In our view, Bob Hawke was none of these because he was simultaneously all of them — that is, he was a Universalist.

Moreover, he is Australia’s greatest Universalist.

And, he was a Universalist both in personality and policy.


a) In personality, he is well-noted for ably mixing with people across a broad spectrum.

b) In policy…

Apart from internal security, without which there is no society — i.e. there is only anarchy — a contemporary civilised society (i.e. one in which citizens have respect, care and trust for one another akin to that of a healthy-relationships-possessing-family) has 4 Universal Opportunity Infrastructure (UOI) cornerstones:

1. Universal Liberal Democracy;

2. Universal Education;

3. Universal Healthcare; and,

4. Universal Basic Income (UBI).

Notwithstanding this, no country has more than three — Australia has achieved three — which means, to this point, all nations are partial dystopias, which is consistent, is it not, with our perceptions that matters could be improved?

In the early 1980’s, Australia had just the first two cornerstones before Bob Hawke’s government, in 1983, legislated and, in 1984, implemented the third — without any trials — in the form of Medicare.

Furthermore, although he didn’t intellectually realise it, Bob Hawke personally laid out a most pertinent sub-challenge, which presupposed/begged the implementation of the UBI, when he declared during Labor’s election campaign launch on June 23, 1987:

“By 1990, no Australian child will be living in poverty”.

While maligned for not achieving it — actually, he never lived it down — his statement focused attention on what is a prerequisite for a civilised first-world society.

So, shouldn’t achieving this aim be regarded as unfinished business?

The UBI will ensure no Australian child is living in poverty.

Thank you.

Best regards

Paul Ross


The Citizen’s Dividend Organisation (Australia)

Humanity is being confronted by a perfect storm of Socio-Econo-Environment Catastrophes including:

1. Social:

a. Internal: mental illness, domestic violence, drug & alcohol abuse etc.

b. External: our weaknesses boost Democracy’s enemies, which is currently enhancing international rivalry such as with China, Russia, North Korea and Iran;

2. Econo: absolute poverty, relative income inequality, unemployment, homelessness etc.; and,

3. Environmental: ecosystem destruction, species extinction, human population explosion, plastic islands, climate change etc.

Hypothesis: This is due to a single foundational ‘Society-Individual Interface’ contradiction whose deleterious effects are cascading through every facet of society.

The relevant contradiction is the partial absence of the natural-morality-derived ‘Universal Opportunity Infrastructure’ (UOI), which consists of the four cornerstones:

1. Universal Liberal Democracy — [In Australia] Yes;

2. Universal Healthcare — Yes;

3. Universal Education — Yes;

4. Universal Basic/Survival Income (UBI/USI) — No, not yet.

The Socio-Econo-Environment-Harmonising Universal Survival Income (USI):

It’s not that it is the solution;

It’s that its absence is the problem.

The Taxpayer-to-Citizen-Transfer [Note: Unlike the Current System, this is not a ‘cost’ but a ‘transfer’.]

Around $18,000 per year x 18 million (non-incarcerated in-country adult Australian citizens) + $5,000 x 4.5 million (children) = $350 billion (2018 figures).

This may be achieved by:

1. Reallocating $150 billion of the $175 billion Social Services budget (yes, we are already spending half of what we need), which still leaves $25 billion to top up pensions and disability payments);

2. Abolishment of the Tax-Free Threshold ($35 billion); and,

3. Insertion of a 20% full-breadth GST (no — it’s not regressive if the disempowered are net beneficiaries; also, the wealthy and multinationals’ capacity to avoid a GST is particularly limited), which results in $200 billion minus $60 billion (from the current 10% gap-ridden GST) equaling an additional $140 billion.

In addition to this $325 billion total, there will be massive human-capital, efficiency, societal-involvement and trust gains, which means, not only is the USI easily afforded, we will be, at least, twice as prosperous such that it will amount to a win-win-win in which all community segments — the wealthy; the middle-class; and, the currently disempowered — all win.

In the process, the economy will also be transformed from an ‘environment-destroying jobs-for-jobs’-sake’ ‘own-goal’ one to ‘an efficient production of goods and services we desire’ one.

Then, there is the massive permeating benefit of achieving full-employment.

That is, with everyone both taken care of and invested with the freedom to say ‘no’ to an employer plus the rectification of the present social-status premium on paid-work over unpaid-work, which will dissipate the stigma of not having paid-work, this means there will be a massive flow of power to the disempowered and working classes, which will result in a workers’ paradise.

Yet, this workers’ paradise will enable significant labour-market deregulation (i.e. everyone is already being looked after so, while we may continue to feel an emotional attachment to, for instance, economy-wide minimum-wages, in practice, there will no longer be a need for them).

And, this means our 5.7 million volunteers can get paid something and our young, elderly, relatively unskilled, disabled, unpaid-carers, 600,000+ unemployed and 1.1 million+ underemployed can, if they desire, get paid-work (or, more work) and, generally, there is full-employment such that ‘anyone who, at the going rate, wants a job, can get one’.

In addition, the USI will eradicate the current welfare-to-paid-work distortion where there is a disincentive to acquire paid-work because, in doing so, one loses one’s welfare.

Furthermore, full-employment will result in wages and conditions being bid-up.

And yet, business, as well as benefiting from deregulation, rather than having to tolerate the current crop of unhappy conscripts, will benefit from an army of volunteer workers, which given, with regard to morale and productivity, ‘one bad apple spoils the barrel’, will deliver massive productivity efficiencies.

This means our tradables’ sector — especially manufacturing — will roar back to life.

The Citizen’s Dividend Organisation’s Commitment:

1. Short-term (interim) — At the 2022 Australian Federal Election (unlike in 2019), at least one registered political party will have the USI as its signature policy such that the USI is an election issue; and,

2. Medium-term (end) — At the 2025 Australian Federal Election, the winner has a mandate for the implementation of a USI, which it then prosecutes.



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